Greece: Violent Pushbacks at Turkey Border End Summary Returns, Unchecked Violence Greek law enforcement officers at the land border with Turkey in the northeastern Evros region routinely summarily qurani ayat για την απώλεια βάρους asylum seekers and migrants. Athens — Greek law enforcement officers at the land border with Turkey in the northeastern Evros region routinely summarily return asylum seekers and migrants, Human Rights Watch said today.
They described 24 incidents of pushbacks across the Evros River from Greece to Turkey. Most incidents took place between April and November.
All of those interviewed reported hostile or violent behavior by Greek police and unidentified forces wearing uniforms and masks without recognizable insignia. Twelve said police or these unidentified forces accompanying the police stripped them of their possessions, including their money and personal identification, which were often destroyed.
Seven said police or unidentified forces took their clothes or shoes and forced them back to Turkey in their underwear, sometimes at night in freezing temperatures. Abuse included beatings with hands and batons, kicking, and, in one case, the use of what appeared to be a stun gun. In another case, a Moroccan man said a masked man dragged him by his hair, forced him to kneel on the ground, held a knife to his throat, and subjected him to a mock execution.
Increasing numbers of migrants, including asylum seekers, have attempted to cross the Evros River, which forms a natural border between Greece and Turkey, since April.
By the end of September, the International Organization for Migration IOM had registered 13, arrivals by land, a nearly fourfold increase over the same period last year. In early June, Turkey unilaterally suspended all returns under a bilateral readmission agreement, stopping coordinated returns over the land border.
Accounts gathered by Human Rights Watch are consistent with the findings of other nongovernmental groupsintergovernmental agencies, and media reports. In his reply, Police Director Kossioris categorically denied that Hellenic Police carry out forced summary returns.
Η γενική δε εντύπωση του ευρύτερου κοινού για τη Μουσουλμανική Αδελφότητα ήταν ότι αυτή είναι μια πολιτική οργάνωση οπαδών του Ισλάμ που κήδεται των συμφερόντων των Μουσουλμάνων, με ήπια ισλαμική ατζέντα, η οποία κινείται στο πλαίσιο της Δημοκρατίας και είναι σε αντίθεση με το ριζοσπαστικό Ισλάμ και την τρομοκρατία. Στο ίδιο πλαίσιο γενική ήταν μάλλον η εντύπωση ότι το ριζοσπαστικό Ισλάμ αποτελεί μια μικρή μόνο μειοψηφία των Μουσουλμάνων, ότι η Μουσουλμανική Αδελφότητα εξέφραζε τις απόψεις του κύριου ρεύματος των απλών Μουσουλμάνων και ότι όλα αυτά, Μουσουλμανική Αδελφότητα, Σαρία και Τζιχάντ, ήταν σαφώς διαχωρισμένα. Η πραγματικότητα είναι ακριβώς αντίθετη με τα παραπάνω.
Greek authorities have consistently denied pushback practices, including a high-ranking Greek police official in a June meeting with Human Rights Watch. Qurani ayat για την απώλεια βάρους a decade, Human Rights Watch has documented systematic pushbacks by Greek law enforcement officials at its land border with Turkey.
Greek authorities should promptly investigate in a transparent, thorough, and impartial manner repeated allegations that Greek police and border guards are involved in collective and extrajudicial expulsions at the Evros region. Authorities should investigate allegations of violence and excessive use of force. Any officer engaged in such illegal acts, as well qurani ayat για την απώλεια βάρους their commanding officers, should be subject to disciplinary sanction and, as appropriate, criminal prosecution.
Anyone seeking international protection should have the opportunity to apply for asylum, and returns should follow a procedure that provides access to effective remedies and safeguards against refoulement — return to a country where they are likely to face persecution, and ill-treatment. The European Commission, which provides financial support to the Greek government for migration control, including in the Evros region, should urge Greece to end all summary returns of asylum seekers to Turkey, press the authorities to investigate allegations of violence, and open legal proceedings against Greece for violating European Union laws.
Please note that all names have been changed. Human Rights Watch interviewed 26 people from Afghanistan, Iraq, Morocco, Pakistan, Syria, Tunisia, and Yemen, including seven women, two of whom were pregnant at the time they were summarily returned to Turkey across the Evros River. In seven cases, families were pushed back, including children.
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In Greece, Human Rights Watch interviewed people who managed to re-enter Greek territory following a pushback, in the Fylakio pre-removal detention center and in the Fylakio reception and identification center, as well as in the Diavata camp for asylum seekers in Thessaloniki. In Turkey, those interviewed were in the Edirne removal center and in urban locations in Istanbul.
All names of interviewees have been changed to protect their privacy and security. Interviewees shared their accounts voluntarily, and without remuneration, and have consented to Human Rights Watch collecting and publishing their accounts. Pushbacks in Evros The 24 incidents described demonstrate a pattern that points to an established and well-coordinated practice of απώλεια βάρους peterson montana. Most of the incidents share σύνθημα καύσης qurani ayat για την απώλεια βάρους key features: initial capture by local police patrols, detention in police stations or informal locations close to the border with Turkey, and handover from identifiable law enforcement bodies to unidentifiable paramilitaries who would carry out the pushback to Turkey across the Evros River, at times violently.
In nine cases, migrants said λίπους απώλειας λίπους police physically mistreated them before qurani ayat για την απώλεια βάρους during the pushback. The accounts suggest close and consistent coordination between police with unidentified, often masked, men who may or may not be law enforcement officers. In ucsf μελέτη απώλειας βάρους May interview with Human Rights Watch, Second Lieutenant Sofia Lazopoulou at the border police station of Neo Cheimonio said that police officers wearing dark qurani ayat για την απώλεια βάρους uniforms were in charge of services at the police station and that those who wear military camouflage uniforms were patrolling officers, in charge of prevention and deterrence of irregular migrants crossing into Greece.
Interviewees said that people who looked like police officers or soldiers, as well as some of the unidentified masked men, carried equipment such as handguns, handcuffs, radios, spray cans, and batons, μέγιστη απώλεια βάρους 300 others carried tactical gear such as qurani ayat για την απώλεια βάρους gloves, binoculars, and knives and military grade weapons, such as rifles.
The repeated nature of the pushbacks and the fact that those officers who conduct them were clearly on official duty, qurani ayat για την απώλεια βάρους that commanding officers knew, or ought to have known, what was happening.
Ferhat G. They were held in a large caged area in the backyard of a police station with dozens of other people for five hours.
Ferhat could not say where the train station or police station were: We were all put in a van, 60 to 70 people. Commandos all in black, wearing face masks, drove us back to the river. We were very afraid… I saw other people there, mainly youths with just shorts, no other clothes.
Qurani ayat για την απώλεια βάρους blood froze out of fear. When they opened the van, we started going out. Ten by 10, they put us in a small boat, driven by a Greek soldier. I cried because of the humiliation. The modus operandi was largely replicated, with some variations, in the other cases Qurani ayat για την απώλεια βάρους Rights Watch documented.
Capture Twenty-one of those interviewed said local police patrols detained them in towns and villages near the border or in open farmland.
Two said that the police took them off a bus or a train shortly after its departure. Three said they could not identify the men who detained them and took them directly back to the border. People said they were then transported in police cars, pick-up trucks, white vans without windows or signs, or larger trucks painted in green or camouflage that appeared to be military trucks.
Karim L. Shortly after its scheduled departure from Orestiada, at p. The police took him to a nearby police station and kept him there for two nights. Then four men wearing police uniforms and black masks took him to the border in a van.
Он каким-то образом должен был внушить этим людям истины, постигнутые им в Лисе; но можно ли было заставить их понять нечто невиданное и с трудом вообразимое.
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То, что находилось за стенами города, ничуть их не интересовало: эта область бытия была вычеркнута из их сознания.
He said they subjected him to physical violence and a mock execution, then pushed him back to Turkey. He was not photographed, fingerprinted, or given any paper to read or sign, or otherwise informed of the reasons for his arrest. Mahsa N. They were pushed back to Turkey the same day, with the qurani ayat για την απώλεια βάρους who had detained them taking them all the way to the Evros River, where others were already being held so they could be returned on a boat. Dila E. She said she was with seven other people, including four children, when masked men she could not identify pushed them back to Turkey as they were walking in a small town near the border: They came with a car and took us.
They put us in a white van. They took us directly to the river and made us cross the river with a rubber boat. Malik N.
Greece: Violent Pushbacks at Turkey Border
He said that one of the policemen made a phone call, and a white van arrived 15 minutes later. There were no signs on it. There were around eight people outside the barracks, each with a thick plastic baton.
They would hit you as you walked to the car. I felt like I was suffocating, there was no air.
Οπως έχουμε κι άλλοτε εξηγήσει, το Μακεδονικό υπήρξε ανέκαθεν —εδώ κι ενάμιση αιώνα— το πεδίο εκείνο πάνω στο οποίο κατεξοχήν συγκροτήθηκε κι αυτονομιμοποιήθηκε ιδεολογικά καθετί αντιδραστικό σε τούτο τον τόπο: από την απόρριψη του δημοτικισμού και της αγροτικής μεταρρύθμισης μέχρι τον αντικοινοβουλευτισμό και τον αντικομμουνισμό. Μπορεί στην αρχηγική αγόρευσή του ο Αντώνης Σαμαράς να αράδιασε τη μία ιστορική ανακρίβεια ή παραποίηση μετά την άλλη με χαρακτηριστικότερη τη χονδροειδή παραχάραξη κάποιων δηλώσεων του Μιτεράν τοσίγουρα όμως δεν πρωτοτύπησε. Πρωτοτυπία δεν αποτέλεσε ούτε η διπλή γλώσσα του ευρύτερου «μεσαίου χώρου», που επί δύο δεκαετίες διαρρήγνυε τα ιμάτιά του για τη «χαμένη ευκαιρία» τουόταν η τυφλή εθνικιστική πλειοδοσία και η μικροκομματική εργαλειοποίηση του «Σκοπιανού» από κυβέρνηση και αξιωματική αντιπολίτευση απέτρεψαν μιαν αμοιβαία ικανοποιητική συνεννόηση με τους βόρειους γείτονές μας.
When we arrived at the river, they ordered people to strip to shorts only. Sardar T. He said the police came with a white van but later brought a big car, similar to a military truck with green camouflage. Sardar said that the officers who pushed them back to Turkey were wearing police uniforms and that masks concealed their faces except for their eyes. Detention Thirteen of those interviewed reported that they were detained in formal and informal locations close to the border, for periods ranging from a few hours to five days.
Five said they were taken to a police station, while eight described buildings on the outskirts of nearby villages and towns, or on farmland that they said were used as drop-off points for detained migrants.
None of the interviewees, even those held at police stations, were duly identified and registered, and their detention appears to have been arbitrary and incommunicado. A few dozen to one hundred people were detained at a time, without food, water, and sanitation, and then taken to the Evros River and returned to Turkey. They said women and families with children were either held together with unrelated menor sometimes in adjacent rooms.
Mahsa, the Afghan woman who was summarily returned to Turkey three times, said she and her family were kept for five days, along with unrelated men who were also detained, in a dark room with no beds or heat before the second pushback, in late August.
They were not given any food. Their belongings, including winter coats for her young children, and a cherished backpack and doll, were never returned.
Up to 10 guards, wearing belts with what appeared to be handguns, batons, and pepper spray, would check on people and lock the door but not provide any information. They called us dirt. She said they were taken to a room in a structure located in the middle of farmland: We could not see or hear anything. We were qurani ayat για την απώλεια βάρους asked to qurani ayat για την απώλεια βάρους anything or qurani ayat για την απώλεια βάρους anything.
The guards closed the door and locked it. When families asked for water, they filled dirty bottles and threw them inside the room through the door. They took everything from us, even the Quran. She said only the children were given some biscuits while detained in a room that was about 40 square meters and shared by about 80 people whom she believed were also all migrants.
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He said the location resembled a military base because they saw military vehicles, including trucks and tanks, parked near the room in which they were held. It was a minute drive from the town of Orestiada, where they had been stopped and picked up in the morning by two police officers in blue uniforms in a civilian car.
The policemen drove them to the location, where guards violently pushed them against a wall, searched them, and hit them. I was shocked. I felt humiliated. When we tried to ask for anything, like our sim cards, memory cards, they hit us immediately. In an adjacent room, they could hear the voices of families with children. Hassan estimated that by 9 p.
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Zara Z. The next day they were transferred in a van to the Evros River, put on a boat, and pushed back to Turkey. Pushbacks across the Evros River All those interviewed said they were transported to the border with Turkey in groups of 60 to 80, in military trucks or unmarked vans. In all but three cases, the agents wore face masks, black pants, or camouflage, making it impossible to recognize or identify them.
In the three other cases, interviewees said police in regular blue and camouflage uniforms transported them to the river. Ten out of 26 interviewees said they were physically abused or witnessed others being ill-treated during the pushback operation. Karim, a year-old Moroccan man, said Greek police handed him over to masked men wearing police uniforms after they caught him in Greece on November 10 and that he was violently pushed back to Turkey.
After ordering him to take off his clothes and shoes, two of the masked officers kicked him to the ground and hit him with a baton, then one of them subjected him to a mock execution. Hassan, the Tunisian who was pushed back with his four friends on August 10 or 11, said that masked men wearing black clothes ill-treated them after taking them to the border in a truck.
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Amir B. He said he was returned from near Alexandropouli to the border in one of two military trucks, which together took around 80 people to the border, including about 30 women and a few children. Amir said masked men pushed people around as they got off the trucks, and then pushed them toward the river, ordering them to remain silent.
The agents then split the group into smaller groups of 10 and ordered them to take off their shoes. Women had to give up their coats, while some men had to strip to underwear.
When a black pick-up truck arrived with a small boat, the guards checked the other side of the river with binoculars, and then used the small boat to take the groups of 10 in turn across the water. December 17, Video Video: Greek Authorities Beat, Push Back Migrants into Turkey Greek law enforcement officers at the land border with Qurani ayat για την απώλεια βάρους in the northeastern Evros region routinely summarily return asylum seekers and migrants.